Cause and Effect Essay Example
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What Is a Cause and Effect Essay?

A cause and effect essay is a type of essay that is written or edited with an objective of explaining why things happen (causes) and what are the consequences (effects) that result from the happening of that event or situation. A cause and effect essay outline is usually structured according to the 5-paragraph essay format with an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion.


If you are looking for cause and effect essay examples here is a great one below. Read and use it while writing your own cause and effect essay.

Cause and Effect Essay Example on Poverty

One of the most poignant parts of our modern American is the crippling poverty that has such a significant grip on a country that by all accounts has a surplus of food, shelter, and cash. The word poverty refers to the absence of even the minimum amount of what is necessary to maintain a decent life: food, shelter, and other basic resources.

Over 35 million Americans are impoverished (describing the state of living in poverty) but the data tends to move around a little depending on the definition of poverty being used, and sometimes also the political leanings of the poll-takers. Relative poverty is used to described as those who earn less than half of the nation’s median income and therefore have a less decent quality of life. Relative poverty statistics say that 20 percent of the country living in poverty, and going steady for 40 years. Of that, 20 percent, 60 percent of the are considered to be America’s working-poor class.

The tie between poverty and one’s sense of dignity is very real. So how can a person in poverty become a person who is thriving if they are besotted with such low self-esteem and self-worth? The cycle is established.

Causes of Poverty

Poverty is an exceptionally complicated social phenomenon and trying to discover its causes is equally complicated. The most simplistic explanation persists—that the poor cause their own poverty—based on the idea that the “American Dream”, or the ability to make anything of one’s self despite even the most precarious circumstances, is equally real and possible for every resident.

Of this group of theorists, there are subsets that feel that the disconnect between the individuals and their ability to thrive has to do with a defeatist attitude (feeling nothing can be done to improve their economic situation), a lack of motivation or a blatant disregard for the future.

Like all stereotypes, blaming the poor for their own poverty does not apply in all cases. Many impoverished Americans are able and willing to work but are kept below the poverty line with unreasonable wages while their lack of education keeps them from being promoted above their current earning bracket. Additionally, some would rather receive a welfare check than work in a job where conditions are unfair or demeaning.

One of the more balanced theories on the causes of poverty is that it has to do with suburbanization. The movement of residents from urban centers to the suburbs has dire consequences for the number of jobs that remain in the urban center, even if those suburbanites return there daily to go to work.

The Effects of Poverty

Poverty has serious effects for all of the society but they are felt most profoundly by children who are raised amongst it. Not only does poverty have an effect on a child’s health—low birth weights, mental and physical disabilities from lack of nutrition in the womb, etc.—but on their ability to thrive independently in the world.

The children of poverty are more likely to miss school and eventually drop out altogether to start work or due to lack of interest. They also carry much more stress than their middle-class peers. That stress may be compacted with the inclusion of other family stresses prevalent in poverty-stricken families. These can include violence, drug and alcohol abuse, depression, job loss, eviction, the incarceration of one or more of the guardians, and even witnessing death.

Total homelessness—extreme poverty—often leads to death due to improper nutrition, lack of immunization or medicine, or complications with addiction. Homeless women, in particular, are at a high risk of miscarriages and infant mortality when homelessness keeps them from accessing adequate prenatal care.

The Effects of Poverty on Black America

Scientists are very concerned about the causes and effects of poverty on what they call the “black underclass”. Right now, jobless among this group continues to rise while their dependence on welfare and living in ghettoized neighborhoods remains the same. What is interesting is that while Hispanic Americans are as likely to live in poverty, also in urban segregated communities, they are less likely to ask for welfare support. This could be because while jobs have moved from the city to the suburbs, Hispanic neighborhoods sustain themselves with locally-owned businesses and neighborhood industries while the black youth struggle to hold down minimum wage jobs for a big corporation.

Again, no simple explanations for or solutions to the problem of poverty exist. Although varying theories abound, sociologists will continue to pay attention to this issue in the years to come. The one thing we can observe with certainty is that poverty works in a cycle and to end it we must break that cycle. Poverty tends to continue from generation to generation—perpetuating a myth that the family of origin is inferior, powerless, passive and ultimately hopeless.

Climbing out of poverty is difficult for anyone, perhaps because, at its worst, poverty can become a self-perpetuating cycle. Children of poverty are at an extreme disadvantage in the job market; in turn, the lack of good jobs ensures continued poverty. The cycle ends up repeating itself until the pattern is somehow broken.

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